Recursive filters are an efficient way of achieving a long impulse response, without having to perform a long convolution. They execute very rapidly, but have less performance and flexibility than other digital filters. Recursive filters are also called Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) filters, since their impulse responses are composed of decaying exponentials. This distinguishes them from digital filters carried out by convolution, called Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters. This chapter is an introduction to how recursive filters operate, and how simple members of the family can be designed. Chapters 20, 26 and 31 present more sophisticated design methods.